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Approaches to Complying with NERC Standard PRC-019-2 on the “Coordination of Generating Unit or Plant Capabilities, Voltage Regulating Controls, and Protection”

By Francis Luces, Ric Austria, Cherry Bautista, Ted Garcia

The undesired outages of generating units during the July 1996 Outages in the Western Interconnection and the August 2003 blackout in the Eastern Interconnection have resulted in updates to reliability standards which secure, improve, and optimize generator response during power system disturbances. The North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) has recently issued Standard PRC-019-2 which specifies reporting and review standards for generator protection coordination.  Because the skill requirements to conduct the review are not normally included in plant operations, outside experts are brought in that have a knowledge of what may be available in terms of information and data at the plant, the technical knowledge to conduct the coordination assessment and the experience to identify needs and deficiencies that are critical to presenting a credible review report.

In recent work, Pterra, acting as an external resource, developed approaches to conducting the review for compliance with PRC-019-2 for several legacy power plants.  Such power plants have been in operation for many years, but may have changed ownership at least once, and where test results and data may not be readily available.  This article discusses the general review approach, and applies this to a sample a 230-MVA Steam Turbine Generator Unit in a combined-cycle power station.

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Deriving Machine Parameters for Simulation

For use in power system stability simulations, utilities and system operators may desire to derive accurate model parameters of generators, excitation systems, governor controls and other control equipment. The utility may have found that actual events have not been accurately simulated by computer models or that individual equipment characteristics do not seem to match the manufacturer data. Further, adjustments may have been made by field or operating personnel that have altered the response of the equipment. In these situations, there is a need to obtain more accurate models for simulation. This Techblog provides an overview of the methodology for obtaining more accurate model response from measurements of the actual equipment and appropriate derivation of parameters for the model.

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